The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) allows an employee to take a leave of absense to take care of their family when there is an extended medical problem with the employee or their family. Under FMLA, the employees are protected from discrimination, unfair discipline actions, being laid off or passed over for promotion, among other actions that an employer might take against them. However, there are certain conditions that an employee may fulfill in order to be eligible for FMLA.
There are several anti-discrimination laws which prohibit employers from treating their workers differently based on their attributes that are unrelated to job performance. When an employer shows prejudice behavior against an employee due to certain characteristics or background, it causes a violation of guarantees for due process and equal protection provided by the constitution of the United States.