Several decades ago, the question of whether employers could monitor employees’ communications was relatively simple. It was fairly well established that while employers could monitor business calls, they could not, with a few limited exceptions, eavesdrop on employees’ personal phone calls. Today, employee communication has become high tech..
Title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, known as the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute, sets forth the law under which federal agency employees may be represented by a union or other labor organization for collective bargaining purposes. Pursuant to the Statute, most federal agency employees are entitled to join or organize labor unions.
Picketing is a tool commonly used by labor unions to publicize the existence of a labor dispute with a particular employer. One type of picketing that garners particular scrutiny is common situs picketing, which occurs where an employer’s work site that is targeted for union picketing is also the work site of another employer.
In 1926, Congress passed the Railway Labor Act (RLA) to govern the resolution of disputes within the railroad industry. The RLA was amended in 1934, and the National Mediation Board (NMB) was created. In 1936, the jurisdiction of the RLA was expanded to include the airline industry. The NMB is an independent federal agency tasked with enforcing and interpreting the RLA. This article summarizes the major functions of the NMB.